Urinary tract infections in dogs are common. The disease happens because of the presence of fungi, bacteria or parasites in the track (in the kidneys, urinary tract, bladder, and urethra). The infection occurs when the bacteria from the gut comes to the urethra and reproduces in the urinary bladder. Urinary tract infections can lead to more frequent urination, uncontrolled urinary tract, and the occurrence of blood in the urine. The best way to control your pet’s urine is to collect your first-morning urine yourself or to do this by your vet specialist.
Urinary infection in pets, among other methods, is most commonly occurring when fecal matter arrives in the urinary tract. Usually, these are bacteria such as Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Proteus, and ochlarchy.
Symptoms of urinary tract infection in dogs are:
- Difficulty in urination
- Frequently urinating
- In attempts to urine, the animal manages to produce only a small amount of urine
- Painful urination that leads to vocalization of pain
- Urinating at unauthorized places (in the house, on the carpet, bed, etc.)
- Strong and unpleasant smell of urine
- Increased thirst
- Blood in urine (in severe cases)
- Decreased appetite
- Limp or hesitation while walking or jumping
- Reduced hair quality and unpleasant smell
Pets that are the most susceptible to urinary infections
Female dogs more often suffer from urinary infections than males. Animals with weaker immunity are more prone to urinary infections. It includes older animals, animals with other diseases such as cancer, dental conditions, with a weak immune system, etc. Dogs with diabetes are more likely to suffer from urinary infections. Dogs with overweight tend to maintain hygiene around the genitals, and long-haired animals can accumulate feces around the genitals, and this leads to diseases. Pets with a stone in the bladder often get an infection.
UTI Infections in Dogs Complications
Urinary infections that we are unable to detect in time can cause chronic and severe pain, weight loss of the animal and urination around the house. Urinary tract infection may contribute to the formation of stones in the bladder and crystals in the urine. If a urinary infection spreads to the kidneys, it can cause severe disease or death of the animal.
Diagnosis of UTI Infections In Dogs
To accurately diagnose the problem, it is necessary to do specific tests. The complete blood test should be carried out to determine the functional state of the kidney and the condition of a white blood cell that indicates the existence of an infection. After that, the recommendation is to perform an ultrasound and radiological examination that will provide information on the condition of the urinary bladder (the presence of sand or stones). As well as the appearance of the kidneys and other structures, in particular, the prostate in males, which, if it’s changed, may give similar symptoms as urinary tract infections. If infections are frequent and persistent, one should take the dog for bacteriological analysis of urine. A sample of urine should be accompanied by a veterinarian, the method by which it is judged to be most appropriate to avoid contamination of the sample because the urinary tract channels are not sterile and there is always a certain amount of bacteria present there.
If the examination finds that the cause of the problem is the presence of sand or urinary stones, it is recommended that sediment analysis is done to determine the origin of rocks. Usually shaped stones, which occur in combination with bladder infections. All dogs can get these stones, but small breeds such as Shiatsu, Lasso Apso, Yorkshire terriers, Miniature Schnauzers and Bichons seem to be more susceptible to getting these stones. And other species are known for their predisposition to get a particular kind of rocks. For example, Maltese males often receive stoned stones.
The right diagnosis is essential because we never want to assume that the dog has a “normal” infection of the urinary tract and that in this way we do not see the real problem.
Once the problem is diagnosed, it is necessary to overwrite the appropriate antibiotic in case of infection or recommend a special diet to get rid of the stones. Sometimes both are necessary, and if the presence of rocks threatens to make obstruction (especially in males), in some cases a surgical intervention is essential.
It is essential to keep the infection under control to avoid deposition of new sand and its deposition in larger stones that may obstruct. The condition of the pets shall be kept under monitoring during therapy, and after completion, with ultrasound and radiological examination, it can show an insight into the effect of the applied treatment and the change of diet. Following these tips, you can easily be able to find the best solutions to the most common question on how to treat uti in dogs without any hassle.